Gray Areas Keep Emerging in the Field of Sexual Harassment
Sexual harassment cases have remained quite numerous during recent years. Lawsuits involving Fox News, the late Roger Ailes and the transportation giant Uber have kept our judicial system very busy. In fact, in early July of 2017, the Los Angeles Times reported that Fox News had just fired the head of its L. A. sports programming division due to new allegations of workplace sexual harassment.
Perhaps it’s not surprising that while so many claims were being filed during the past five years, courts were being asked to evaluate some newer types of allegations. Several of them involve employees who were fired because their bosses said they were too attractive to have around or interact with on a regular basis. Equally odd are recent workplace problems caused by male employees trying to distance themselves from female co-workers who they claim harbor romantic feelings for them.
Before examining these new issues closer, it’s important to review what constitutes modern sexual harassment.
The EEOC’s Definition of Sexual Harassment
On its website, the EEOC states that it’s simply wrong to harass a person (such as a job applicant or employee) based on that person’s sex. Harassment can include someone making unwanted sexual advances or requests for sexual favors from another worker. While both men and women can suffer sexual harassment, statistics reveal that women file 83% of these claims. Some surveyed workers have said that they believe that this is probably true since men are often overrepresented in positions of power in the American workplace.
Harassment doesn’t always involve any touching. In fact, offensive remarks about the opposite sex can be enough to constitute sexual harassment. What courts are often looking for is whether various workers’ words and actions have created a hostile working environment. When simple teasing and offhand comments become quite regular, they can legally be viewed as sexual harassment. Even consensual office romances can cause legal problems because when they end, one of the two participants may often wind up fired or demoted.
Relatively new sexual harassment claims involving bosses who fire employees for being too attractive provide new dilemmas for our courts. Likewise, employees distancing themselves from others because they think their co-workers harbor hidden romantic feelings for them are also uniquely troubling. These types of “gray area” claims are discussed further below.
Should It Be Lawful to Fire Someone Who Is Too Attractive – Or a Female?
Oddly enough, one or two courts have allowed bosses to simply dismiss women because they’re so attractive that the men fear they can’t control themselves if they remain in the workplace. One such case was filed by Melissa Nelson against her dentist employer in Iowa. This 33-year-old office assistant had worked for this dentist for many years. However, she was let go after he claimed that his wife had learned that her husband was sharing improper text messages with the young woman.
Of course, this type of employer claim clearly implies that the woman will make poor choices and should therefore be dismissed as some type of precaution. Perhaps the employer just wanted to dismiss her but couldn’t come up with a better excuse. Nevertheless, the Iowa Supreme Court later reaffirmed its decision, denying this fired young woman any type of compensation. The court even tried to dodge its questionable “logic” by saying that the firing was based on feelings – and not the young woman’s gender.
Unfortunately, that Iowa case is not unique. A similar case was filed due to the 2013 firing of a Manhattan yoga instructor who worked in a chiropractor’s office. She was told she was “too cute” -- and that her ongoing presence in the office would make her boss’ wife jealous. A judge dismissed her case back in 2016. However, that case isn’t over. In August 2017, an appeals court ruled that the Manhattan yoga instructor can proceed with her case and sue the chiropractor.
What About Men (or Women) Who Want to Avoid Working with the Opposite Sex?
Can an employee refuse to spend legitimate work time with a woman because he believes she has a crush on him? Can this be viewed as some type of sexual harassment? This issue came up recently in an Austin, Texas workplace. William Manno, who had been refusing to work alongside a specific female -- is now having to reevaluate and change his behavior.
Thomas Kochan, a Massachusetts Institute of Technology professor and co-director of the M.I.T. Sloan Institute for Work and Employment Research says that when workers inappropriately refuse to interact with others due solely to their sex or presumed romantic feelings – employers may need to intervene. In fact, it can prove very useful and instructive for employees who want to isolate themselves from members of the opposite sex to begin participating in group work activities so they can develop healthier work habits.
Regardless of how one views some of these newer issues, it’s important for all workers to stand up for their rights when any serious harassment behaviors develop.
What All Workers Must Do When They Believe They’re Being Sexually Harassed
Keep detailed notes about the offensive incidents. Be sure to write down the specific facts, the dates and times involved -- and whether there were any witnesses. Keep this log at home and not in your place of employment;
Carefully review any employee handbook you’ve been given. Try to follow your company’s recommended way of handling suspected sexual harassment. If reporting the incident to your immediate supervisor won’t work – you may want to confide in a senior employee you believe you can trust. However, you should first review all the steps named here – before taking any action;
Immediately contact your local Houston employment law attorney. Once you’ve scheduled an appointment, gather together all relevant employee handbooks, training materials and other pertinent documents regarding your sexual harassment claim. Your lawyer will tell you exactly which steps to take in the proper order to fully preserve your claim in a timely manner;
Be prepared to contact the EEOC (Equal Employment Opportunity Commission). You normally have 45 days from the date of the event to obtain help and advice from an EEOC counselor. Your lawyer can inform you how such claims are normally processed and tell you about other legal remedies you may need to pursue;
Seriously think about what you may lose if you don’t file an EEOC claim and consider other litigation. As most women know, some of the worst instances of sexual harassment are never reported. After all, no one wants to become the subject of office gossip if the employer fails to honor your privacy. Likewise, concerns about retaliation are common. Fortunately, there are legal remedies for retaliation. However, if you don’t file a claim, it may become much harder for you to protect your career in the future against the negative repercussions of the current sexual harassment.